It Is Not Mine, It Is Ours
It Is Not Mine, It Is Ours
  • 승인 2014.07.07 10:37
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Amy Farber is a woman who overcame Lymphangioleio myomatosis(LAM). LAM is a rare disease that destroys lungs. At that time, there was no way to treat for LAM. To overcome this disease, however, she found the LAM Treatment Alliance to share information on it with LAM patients. She heard from one of the LAM patients that Gleevec (a medicine for leukemia) can improve LAM. She was allowed to do a clinical trial and use Gleevec as a medicine for LAM. Now, she is developing a network by herself where LAM patients can share information on their disease.

● Emergence of Sharing Economy

After the ‘Subprime Mortgage Crisis’ occurred in 2008, economists needed a solution to overcome that crisis. Then, Lawrence Lessig, a professor at Harvard University, suggested a ‘Sharing Economy’. A sharing economy means not only for one person to possess goods, services, or knowledge but for many people to share them. In modern society, plenty of information is flowing because of the development of IT (information technology) and social networks. In a sharing economy, people can save confined resources by sharing things. With this character of a sharing economy, Lawrence insisted they could overcome economic crisis by instituting the policy.
The above example shows why the sharing economy receives attention. Farber could get this achievement since she could select information effectively. A sharing economy is an efficient way to administrate a vast store of knowledge.

● Examples of Sharing

1. Sharing around CBNU
In Korea, most educational expenses are invested in university. Not only expensive tuition but also plenty of other money is spent on campus life. Also, it is hard to be employed and earn appropriate money while in university. To solve this problem, university students start to share things, and CBNU students are no exception.
The friendliest method of sharing is receiving textbooks from seniors. Not only does it help the economic aspect, but we can also reduce the time to study because of our classmate’s lecture records in the textbooks. Also, the CBNU student council runs a textbook department store every year. CBNU students can buy cheap secondhand textbooks there.
Since the last year, CBNU students have been able to find a device that can charge cell phone batteries in front of each pavilion in the College of Engineering. Each device has four cells to charge cell phone batteries. By sharing this device, we can enjoy convenience in that we don’t need to carry cell phone battery chargers.

2. Cases in Foreign Countries
‘Airbnb’ is a notable example of an accommodation sharing company. It helps tourists to connect with native home owners and provides information on cheap room charges. Airbnb has become an international company, and now it is distributed in various countries including Korea. You can find the right place as you fill in the search box with the place where you want to go.
An eco-friendly instance of a sharing economy is solar energy. The Mosaic Company leads a solar energy development project. It shares extra solar energy locally. Not only can it save money but it can also reduce pollution coming from fossil fuels.
In the movie “Sex and the City,” Carrie, the protagonist, interviewed Louise for her private secretary. Though she didn’t have enough money, she brought a luxury bag to the interview. How could she get that bag even though she was poor? The answer is ‘Bag Borrow or Steal’. This company shares luxury bags at a cheap cost. In the case of Louise, she could borrow the luxury bag by paying 150 dollars per month.

3. Sharing Economy in Korea

A sharing economy is enacted on the city level in Korea. The first movement occurred in Seoul. It is called ‘BnB HERO’ and Jo Min-soung is the chief and founder of this company. He was fascinated by ‘Airbnb’ because of its convenience. He wanted to found a rental lodging company like Airbnb in Korea. As a result, he founded BnB HERO in Itaewon and became a starter of a sharing economy in Korea.
For sharing knowledge, ‘Wisdome’ is a human library in Korea. Human libraries originated in Denmark. In this library, people borrow humans, not books. There are lots of areas in that library. Then, if we select one of the areas, we can talk with a specialist of the area we selected. By talking with a specialist, we can hear their experiences and know-how. Wisdome also runs a sharing economy festival in Seoul with it as the central figure.
In addition, other companies like ‘The Open Closet’ (sharing clothes) and ‘Socar’ (sharing car) are running sharing economies in Seoul. Also, Busan has started to run examples of sharing economy, too. ‘Socar’ opened a branch there, and experts anticipate that the idea of sharing economy will spread all over Korea.

4. Other Specific Forms of Sharing Economy: Know-How

- Architecture for Humanity; Sharing Volunteering Know-How
Architecture for Humanity is an organization that builds houses for refugees to settle down. In 2006, Cameron Sinclair, founder of this organization, got a TED (Technology, Entertainment, and Design) prize. When he got this prize, he was given a chance to fulfill his wish. He wanted to make an ‘open source’ where people can share architectural know-how for their volunteering. Now, Architecture for Humanity is running an ‘Open Architecture Network’, sharing information on construction methods like vibration-proof techniques.

- Saemaul Globalization Foundation: Sharing Development Know-How
Korea was developed very quickly in the 1970s. The ‘Saemaul Movement’ was one of the sources of fast development which reconstructed rural communities for modernization. In 2012, the ‘Saemaul Globalization Foundation’ was established and started to teach developing countries the know-how of the Saemaul Movement. Now, it is cooperating with the KOCIA (Korea International Cooperation Agency) and volunteering in African and Asian countries such as Ethiopia, Tanzania and the Philippines.

● Limits of Sharing Economy
The first problem originates from man's acquisitive instinct. Humans have a strong attachment to their products, so people have resistance to the concept of sharing by instinct.
The second problem is a matter of credibility. People are exchanging products with a third person online. A sharing economy can be carried out on the condition that people trust each other. Since a characteristic online is that people don’t need to face each other, it is difficult to confirm credibility.
The last problem is the law. Current laws are enacted for protecting ownership. This conflict with the notion of sharing economy, which considers sharing more than it considers property. For example, sharing a car between individuals is illegal in Korea due to complexity related to insurance when a car accident occurs.

A sharing economy aims for a new form of capitalism which confers a huge benefit on a person who doesn't have many assets. It also has the merit of protection of the environment by using existing products again. Furthermore, it promotes friendship between users.
A sharing economy has many virtues of a warm heart in cold capitalism. How about trying to complement the system by vitalizing this sharing economy on the personal and social level?

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