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The Way That Substitutes Our Legs
2016년 02월 19일 (금) 10:49:37 GLOBE globe@jbnu.ac.kr

How do you go to school? Many students go to school by bus or on foot. Recently, there are some unusual ways to commute. These are “smart mobility.” If you want to go to a specific place, just turn on the smart mobility. You can move where you want to go despite narrow spaces. This type of vehicle offers convenience to users. Don’t you wonder what smart mobility is? Let’s find out how smart it is!

 Introduction of Smart Mobility
Smart mobility is also called personal mobility. This is one of the futuristic transportation systems. This, surprisingly, is derived from the “kidult” culture. Recently, smart mobility is expanding its range of utilization through clubs where one can enjoy riding smart mobility vehicles.

 Kinds Of Smart Mobility
1. Segway
Segway is the origin of smart mobility. This moves by leaning the body without subdevices like pedals. If you want to go forward, just lean forward. This was launched in 2001, and it was made by Dean Kamen, in the U.S. Although this received plenty of attention, it could not become popular since it was too expensive. It costs about ten million won.

2. Two-wheel type
This is the kind of smart mobility that has two wheels. It also has a handle. This is heavier than other smart mobility vehicles and uncomfortable to carry. However, it is so easy to balance on it that everyone can enjoy it. Some models have attached LED lights which increase the safety. There are models like Ninebot and Zyrodrone.
3. One-wheel type
As the name suggests, this is a smart mobility vehicle with one wheel. It is more difficult to drive than other personal mobility devices like the two-wheel type.
Because it is light and small, this is very portable. It can move freely in a very narrow space. There are the Ninebot model and the Airwheel x8.
4. Electric scooter
An electric scooter is a vehicle with a form in between a scooter and bicycle. Some models can be folded. You can also start it by using a key and honk the horn like a scooter.
5. Motor kickboard
A motor kickboard is similar to existing kickboards. However, the motor kickboard has electrical power. According to your convenience, you can put a saddle on some models. We can’t run through long distances because we use it by standing on it.

 Pros and Cons of Smart Mobility
1. Advantages
① Portability
Smart mobility vehicles are smaller and lighter than other transportation. Therefore, they are portable and also able to go through narrow places.
② Solution
Since smart mobility vehicles are small in volume, they can be parked efficiently. Therefore, we can solve the lack of parking places. This has also helped decrease rush-hour traffic jams.
③ Eco-friendly
As most transportations run on fuel, they discharge exhaust gas. This is the main cause of air pollution. However, smart mobility vehicles run on electricity. This way, they can prevent and reduce environmental pollution, as eco-friendly products.
2. Disadvantages
① Cost
When smart mobility vehicles were released, they used to cost ten million won. It was very expensive. Recently, their price has been decreasing. The cheapest products cost about half a million won. However, cheaper products don’t guarantee good quality and safety.
② Limitation
Smart mobility vehicles don’t have room like cars. Also, if it is rainy or snowy, you can’t use it. Also, you can get tired if you drive long distances. In other words, smart mobility has limitations about climate and distance.
③ Danger
Smart mobility vehicles don’t have safeguards like airbags. If you suffer an accident, you will probably have a serious injury. Therefore, you need to drive very carefully and wear safety equipment, like a helmet.

 True or False of Smart Mobility
1. Smart mobility is a type of vehicle.
True. They are classified as motor bicycles according to Section Two of the Road Traffic Act. Motor bicycles can also be considered vehicles. Therefore, smart mobility vehicles are as legal as cars. Users have to comply with regulations similar to those for motor bikes, like wearing safety guards. While there are transit laws for cars, there are still no transit laws for smart mobility vehicles.

2. There are regulations on the speed limits.
False. Most smart mobility vehicles have a maximum speed of 30km/h, which is quite speedy. However, there aren’t specific laws about smart mobility vehicles. Therefore, there are no speed limits. In fact, they should run on the street, like cars. However, they are not fast enough for the road. In this way, smart mobility shows an ambiguous situation.

3. If the user has an accident with pedestrians, they have to fully recompense the pedestrians for the accident.
True. Because smart mobility vehicles are like cars, they can’t go on the sidewalk. Moreover, there aren’t insurance programs for smart mobility vehicles. Therefore, it is difficult to solve the accident-related problems.

4. Users don’t need to have a license.
False. Because smart mobility vehicles are legally similar to cars, they demand having a driver’s license. However, there aren’t specific regulations about smart mobility vehicles. Thus, people usually drive them without a license.

Following the constantly decreasing prices, it seems that the usage rate of smart mobility vehicles will increase. Other countries have already regulated specific license, insurance, and driving methods for smart mobility. In contrast, Korea hasn’t regulated laws about smart mobility yet and has just applied laws from cars to smart mobility vehicles. Therefore, Korea should decide specific regulations, for the safety of both drivers and pedestrians.

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